Most people will be affected by depression at some point in their lives, either directly or through loved ones who are depressed. You’ve probably heard about more than one of the different types of depressions that people experience. They include major depression, dysthymia, and seasonal affective disorder (SAD).
A common depressive disorder is Major Depression. This has symptoms that are severe enough to interfere with a person’s daily life, both socially and at work. The person may have difficulties with things he or she used to enjoy. The person feels persistent sadness as well as hopelessness and worthlessness. He or she has a tendency to withdraw from other people and may have difficulty concentrating and making decisions. He or she may have difficulties with eating and sleeping, and may have thoughts of suicide.
Dysthymia is not as severe as a major depression. It has long-term symptoms which will stop a person from feeling good although they’ll still be able to function in their lives. They may not feel good about themselves or feel happiness.
Some people suffer from Seasonal Affective Disorder as the sunlight changes in the winter months. They tend to experience symptoms of dysthymia during this time.